Golnaz Balooch

Samantha Condos

Danielle Graham

Erica Wicke

Psychology 542

Wednesday, 4:30-7:00

 

††††††††††† Lucas, M. S. (1999). Adult career changers: a developmental context. Journal of Employment Counseling, 36 (3), 115-118.

Journal Article Summary

 

††††††††††† Vocational testing is any psychological test that can be used to place an individual in an occupational field based on their abilities and interests.Vocational tests are not predictors of performance.

††††††††††† The purpose of this study was to assess the participantsí level of career identity development in addition to what career or personal problems they were facing.The study intended to explore problems the subjects were experiencing.The problems included need for information on careers; lack of clarity regarding interests, talents, and goals; and worries about self-confidence, independence, and assertiveness.The researcher then gave suggestions regarding appropriate interventions.

††††††††††† The participants in the study included 53 adults from the community who sought career-counseling services during two semesters at a counseling center at a large midatlantic university.The participants ranged in age from 21-49 years old.Seventy-six percent of the participants were employed at the time they sought career counseling.Sixty-eight percent sought to change careers.The Vocation Identity scale of My Vocational Situation was a test used in this experiment.This test was used to help the participants attain a clear picture of their career interests, talents, and goals.

The results showed that 90% of the participants expressed a need for information about occupations; 88% had a lack of awareness of their skills and interest; 75% had a lack of decision-making skills; 44% had an indication of conflicts within themselves about liking their work; 40% had a lack of self-confidence; 33% had problems with time management; 27% had problems with finances; 27% had problems with independence from family; 23% had problems with assertiveness.Overall, those that scored low on the Vocational Identity scale were not clear about their strengths and weaknesses, values, and interests.They feel negative about themselves, their family situations, and tend to have poor problem-solving skills.

The findings in this study suggest that counseling needs to respond to the clients needs to know more about themselves and the job market, but this kind of information needs to occur in a framework of personal development.The study also suggests that an alternative to counseling, individuals working in small groups helps these clients frame their experiences as part of a developmental process shared by others.This study concluded that one of the main goals of career counseling these adults should be to help them know themselves and to feel comfortable with who they are.

 

Outline

 

A.     Vocational testing used for career guidance

1.      used to place individuals in occupational fields based on their abilities and interests

2.      purpose is to assess levels of career identity development and career/personal problems

3.      help them attain a clear picture of their career, interest, talents, and goals

 

B.     Test used in the study

1.      completed a problem solving checklist

2.      Vocational Identity scale

3.      Vocational Information scale

4.      Vocational Barrier scale

 

C.     Participants in study

1.      53 adults

2.      21-49 years old

3.      76% were in a job

4.      68% sought to change their career

5.      conducted at a counseling center at a large midatlantic university

 

D.     Results of the study

1.      90% expressed a need for information about occupations

2.      88% had a lack of awareness of their skills and interests

3.      75% had a lack of decision making skills

4.      44% had an indication of conflicts within themselves about liking their work

5.      40% had a lack of confidence

6.      33% had problems with time management

7.      27% had problems with finances

8.      27% had problems with independence from family

9.      23% had problems with assertiveness

 

E.      Participants that scored low on test indicated:

1.      not clear about strengths and weaknesses

2.      not clear about values

3.      not clear about interests

4.      feel negative about themselves

5.      feel negative about family situations

6.      tend to have poor problem-solving skills

7.      experience choice anxiety resulting in avoidant behavior

 

F.      Findings of the study

1.      counseling is effective individually or in small groups

2.      client needs to know more about themselves

3.      client needs to feel comfortable with who they are

4.      client needs to know more about job market